What Are the Different Types of Leather Preparations?

The leather-based sector in particular leather goods industry (apparel, shoe, boot) is very much fashion oriented. The leather goods industry is important to the developing countries in the sense that it is the largest exporter of manufactured goods to these countries and being such a labour intensive industry also contributes to the nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This being the case, every country in the world has a leather industry to one extent or the other.


India is a major leather exporter with good export earnings. Some of the top earning leather products include: UGG boots, Gucci bags, Harley Davidson, Versace, Coach, Stephen King, Burberry, Apple Bottom and more. Apart from leather goods, India also exports leather accessories, garments, bedding, accessories etc. The demand for Indian leather goods is increasing steadily as leather itself has become a status symbol and is now seen as a status symbol among the elite day lung da ca sau. So it is no surprise that Indian leather market is flourishing like anything.

India is one of the biggest exporters of leather products, most of the time coming from countries like: United States, Italy, South Africa, Brazil, Uruguay and others. However the major leather products that are exported from India include: leather goods (both used as accessories and new), leather bags, accessories, bedding, clothing, leather briefcases and others. So when you are buying leather products from India you are actually buying not only leather products but also items made from or inspired by leather. Items made from and inspired by the leather are a big hit with youngsters and also with those who have an eco-friendly nature.

The best way to protect the environment and to make sure that you have a sustainable business model is to buy your leather goods from factories that do not use outdated tanning methods. Old tanning methods involve burning the hides in high heat so that the color does not fade away very quickly. But this is not the latest method today; Tanning causes even more damage to the environment as it uses a lot of fossil fuels and soot to lighten the hides. This is a big concern because the global population is concerned about the rising level of carbon footprint that we are leaving our planet on.

All leather production needs to be accompanied by some form of care for the skins, this helps the leather to retain its quality and also protects the environment. The tanning process produces a by-product called Dyes; the major component of leather is derived from this by-product. There are different types of tanning methods used in tanneries but the most popular ones are tanning beds, gas tans, electrical current tans, hydrotans and other forms of water tans. Tanning beds use electrically charged solution that is sprayed on the leather while in the other forms of tanning the leather is immersed in a bath of water. There are many disadvantages of using these kinds of tanning methods, such as the time required to tan leather depends on the intensity of the colors, leather tends to crack when exposed to direct sunlight and so forth.

Hydrotan is a new form of tanning that uses hydrogen fats, these fats are similar to that produced during dairy processing and so are more stable, soft and mild. It has become hugely popular with leather manufacturers because unlike tanning beds it does not affect the color of the leathers. Tanning can be carried out in three ways, the first is by a tanning room which is self contained where the leather production is carried out under controlled conditions. The second way through which the leather is prepared is by preparatory stages, this means that in case of over drying the leather it is first brought to normal moisture content and then after stretching is placed in a tanning booth where the leather is tanned.

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